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Art History Mystery: The Codex Gigas


Deep within the hallowed halls of libraries and museums lies a manuscript shrouded in mystery and intrigue – the Codex Gigas, also known as the Devil's Bible. This ancient tome, measuring an impressive 36 inches (91 cm) in height and weighing a staggering 165 pounds, has captivated scholars, historians, and enthusiasts alike for centuries. Its contents, origin, and the legends surrounding it have sparked debates and fueled imaginations, turning the Codex Gigas into one of the most enigmatic manuscripts in existence.

The Manuscript's Magnitude

The Codex Gigas, believed to have been created in the early 13th century, is a medieval manuscript of unparalleled significance. Its imposing size and unique blend of texts – including the complete Latin Vulgate Bible, various historical texts, medicinal recipes, and a striking full-page depiction of the Devil – contribute to its mystique. The work's sheer scale is astonishing, as it would have required a vast amount of time and dedication to produce, even by the standards of medieval scribes.

The Devil's Bargain

One of the most infamous aspects of the Codex Gigas is the illustration of the Devil himself, occupying a full page within the manuscript. Legend has it that the scribe, facing certain death for his transgressions, made a pact with the Devil to complete the manuscript in a single night. This alleged pact supposedly explains the massive undertaking and the inclusion of the eerie depiction. However, historical and scholarly research tends to discount this legend as mere sensationalism, instead attributing the creation of the Codex Gigas to a dedicated Benedictine monk from the Podlažice Monastery.

Theories and Interpretations

Numerous theories abound regarding the Codex Gigas, ranging from the religious and the occult to the practical and the artistic. Some believe that the manuscript's colossal size was intended as a symbol of devotion to God, while others speculate that it served as a compendium of knowledge, preserving various texts for future generations. The inclusion of diverse subjects like medicinal remedies and historical records suggests that the manuscript aimed to encompass a wide range of knowledge.

Furthermore, the presence of the Devil's image raises questions about its purpose and significance. Some suggest that the illustration serves as a warning against temptation and evil, while others posit that it may have had more symbolic or ritualistic undertones.


The Codex Gigas, the Devil's Bible, stands as a testament to the intricate interplay between history, religion, art, and human ingenuity. As the manuscript continues to inspire curiosity and intrigue, it reminds us of the boundless depths of human creativity and the enduring allure of the unknown. Whether a divine creation, a manifestation of a pact with the Devil, or a testament to medieval scholarship, the Codex Gigas remains a tantalizing enigma that continues to captivate our imagination.


Image List

  1. Illuminated initial at the start of the Wisdom of Solomon. Public Domain Via Wikimedia Commons

  2. Illustration of the devil, Folio 290 recto. CC0 via Wikimedia Commons

  3. End of Book of Maccabees and start of Josephus, with author portrait. Public Domain Via Wikimedia Commons

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